A bridge is a structure that is used to get from one side of an obstacle such as a river, lake, or road to the other side. Push on two opposite sides of a sponge, and the sponge. The two classes may be further divided into different types. Highway overpasses, flyovers or walkways are often beam bridges. The arch bridge is one of the oldest types of bridges. Beam bridges main structural element of a beam bridge is a horizontal beam that is supported at each. It is proposed the student to achieve, test and comment on different means of holding the deck. The five bridge types are arch, beam, beam, cablestayed, suspension, and truss. Cable stayed structures and stay cable technology pdf. How suspension bridges work the main cables are tense with vertical cables that attach to the deck. Types of beam bridges are girder bridge, box girder bridge, plate girder bridge etc. This thesis will examine the main issues regarding cables. The obstacle to be crossed may be a river, a road, railway or a valley.
When the bridge was completed in 1863, it was the longest masonry arch in the world. It is built from shallow steel beams, box girders and concrete. The pier is the support that the weight of the beam rests on. The word beam comes from the old english word for tree the first bridges were probably fallen trees or logs. Bridges by structure the core structure of the bridge determines how it distributes the internal forces of tension, compression, torsion, bending, and sheer. Types of bridges printable worksheet for elementary. In the past, they may have taken the form of a log across a stream but today they are more familiar to us large box steel girder bridges. The basic kinds of fixed bridges are beam, arch, suspension, and cablestayed. Advantages of different types of bridges getaway usa. Truss bridge is a type of bridge whose main element is a truss which is a structure of connected elements that form triangular units. A bridge is an arrangement made to cross an obstacle in the form of a low ground or a stream or a river without closing the way beneath. Suspension bridges main elements are a pai r of main suspension cables stretching ov er two towers and attached at each end to an anchor bur ied deep in the ground. Girder bridges and plate girder bridges, usually made from steel, are types of beam bridges.
Congress to take a closer look at the safety, management, and oversight of bridges. To know about the various types of bridges, read on bridge is not merely a piece of construction, its a concept, i think sometimes. Bepona allows students to assemble five types of bridge. It represents the idea of crossing over large spans of land or water, thus bridging the gaps. The student will speak on the test bench to mount and test different ways to support the deck. Beam bridge definition, examples, materials, types. The beam bridge could be anything as simple as a plank of wood to a complex structure. Explain situations for which different types of bridges would be best suited. While all bridges need to handle all those forces at all times, various types of bridges will dedicate more of their capacity to better handle specific types of forces. From the very beginning, engineers were trying to win over nature and consequently, they have invented bridge. Bridge types tr sstruss system of straight, connected elements used to resist load commonly seen as through truss or deck truss popular in 19th and early 20th centuries constructed of wrougg,ht iron, steel, or timber.
A movable bridge swings up or sideways to allow passage. The arch squeezes together and this squeezing force is carried along the curve to support at each end. Types of bridges bridge types arch, girder, cable, truss. A beam bridge s strength depends on the strength of the. Design of cable systems for cable suspended bridges. Bridges are often built over huge landmasses or water bodies. Arch bridges are typically used for pedestrians, railways and vehicles. The platform is too flexible to carry a light load. They are carefully balanced so that the force pulling. These cables support the deck of the bridge, transferring the weight to the towers at the end.
Use the knex pieces to explore the various types of bridges. In its simplest form, a log across a creek is an example of a girder bridge. Box girder bridges, made from steel, concrete, or both, are also beam bridges. There are only a few types of bridge which are really different to each other. Starting with a general overview, this thesis discusses the main corrosion types and protection techniques used in common practice.
Every bridge can be divided broadly into three parts. A bridge is a structure built to span a physical obstacle, such as a body of water, valley, or road. A bridge could be anything as simple as a log laying across a creek. The required passage may be for a road, a railway, pedestrians, a canal or a pipeline. Types of bridges based on span, materials, structures. The types of movable bridges include bascule, swing span, vertical lift, floating, and transporter. Beam bridges are simply like a log or a plank lying across the gap or stream beam is an old word for tree such as found in hornbeam or whitebeam for example many old arch bridges can be found made of stone some bridges look as though they are hanging from long wires and. The main arch has a span of 220 feet, rising 57 feet above a creek. There are many types of bridges and they can be classified in many different ways. Other variations include cantilever and moveable bridges. Its construction is the simplest of all bridge types.
There are four types of stress, which are described below. Bridges are classified into so many types based on different criterias. The obstructions may be river, valley, rail route or road way etc. The simplest type of a bridge is stepping stones, so this may have been one of.
Describe and locate compressive and tensile forces acting on various types of bridges. A bridge is just something that helps us cross an obstacle, whether that be a river, ocean, swamp, canyon, or highway. There are many different designs that each serve a particular purpose and apply. Bridge type selection is dependent on the site characteristics, owner preferences. Truss is used because it is a very rigid structure and it transfers the load from a single point to a much wider area. Four stresses on bridges a force is a push or a pull. Arch bridges arches the banks carry the load and keep the ends of the bridge from spreading out arch bridges over under arch bridges oooovery strong if well designed oooocan be very beautiful tend to be very heavy need very strong abutments truss bridges truss bridges are mostly empty space, but very effective. The main purpose of this issue is the use of test bed type bridges ref bepona. At the most basic level, there are three types of bridges.
Here is a brief description of each, and an indication of where it is found in the program. Concrete members of this type are used for short and medium span bridges. There are various types of bridges classified based on span, materials, types of bridge structures, functions, utility and position etc. Here are 7 types of bridges everyone should know about. Pontic is the part of the bridge which represent the missing tooth and it connected to the retainer by a connector 5. Designs of bridges vary depending on the function of the bridge, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and anchored, the material used to make it. In general, bridges are simple structures from the structural. A bridge is structure which allows passage over an obstruction. Type subtype length range image longest span longest total arch bridge. Generally, the roadway of bridge lies on the arch structure. As the name suggests, arch bridge consists of curveshaped abutment at each end. In a conference report, congress recommended that fhwa use a more riskbased, datadriven approach to its bridge oversight to improve bridge safety. Most of the time, many forces are acting on the bridge.
A horizontal beam supported at its ends is roughly how the structure of this bridge is. A try different ways to support the deck of the test bed using the information provided. A bridge is a structural marvel which is generally used to pass any type of obstruction that can slow the life of people. The arch shape allows this bridge to support itself without the use of beams or piers. A beam or girder bridge is the simplest kind of bridge. Bridges help us to connect to each other and the world.
Girder bridges arch bridges cablestayed bridges rigid frame bridges truss bridges. Certainly the force of the wind is something to keep in mind. The romans also used cement, which reduced the variation of strength found in natural stone. The main cables continue past the tower, and they are anchored past the far ends of the bridge. This type of bridge requires a very sturdy foundation. Types of bridges based on span, materials, structures, functions. A bridge is a structure providing passage over an obstacle without closing the way beneath. The four main types of bridges engineering society. Define three major types of bridges, including a beam or truss bridge, an arch bridge, and a suspension bridge. Some bridges are composed of one large arch or multiple small arches.
Steel bridges may be classified into various types according to. The bridge, a connecting structure, creates bonding between different disconnected parts of a country, two banks of the ocean or parts of two countries. Bridge construction classification and types of bridges. Types of bridges beam bridgebasic beam bridge actual beam bridge 4.1575 1413 723 1281 68 1466 927 711 830 20 735 896 716 307 196 1524 1078 177 360 1032 1363 1463 248 441 101 1214 93 738 1064 1021 266 512 1149